Friday, August 3, 2012

Bundling and Minification in Visual Studio 2012 or Migrate existing Website


Bundling and minification are two new techniques introduced with ASP.NET 4.5 Beta to improve request load time.  It improves load time by reducing the number of requests to the server and reducing the size of requested assets (such as CSS and JavaScript).

Bundling: It let us combine multiple JavaScript (.js) files or multiple cascading style sheet (.css) files so that they can be downloaded as a unit, rather than making individual http requests.

Minification: It squeezes out whitespace and performs other types of compression to make the downloaded files as small as possible. At runtime, process identifies the user agent for example IE, Mozilla, etc. and then removes stuff that is Mozilla specific when the request comes from IE.

To test Bundling and Minification let’s create a new Web Site, possibly a blank website so that we can learn how to migrate our existing website. Follow the steps:

Step 1: Crating Website of Opening Existing One

Create a new website or open the existing website that you want to migrate. You will notice the following file structure.



Let’s say I have following page containing scripts and styles files.



Step 2: Testing in Developer Tools

Now go ahead and run this in IE, when running in IE press F12 to open developer tools. In developer tools, click on ‘Network’ tab and then click on ‘Start capturing’ and then refresh the web page. You will notice following http requests, data sent, data received and taken time in ‘developer tools’.



In above image, you can see there is 5 http requests, data sent, data received and taken time to complete it. You will also notice, system made individual http requests for each script and style files.

Step 3: Installing NuGet Package ‘ASP.NET Optimization-Bundling’

Now, let’s take the advantage of Bundling and Minification to eliminate the individual http requests of script files and style files.

For this we need to open “Manage NuGet Packages” and search for “Microsoft.Web.Optimization” library.



Now, click to install “ASP.NET Optimization-Bundling”.



After installation you will notice following library file in Bin folder.



Step 4: Configuring Package in New Website or Existing Website

Now, open the website that you want to migrate and make two changes.

Modify Scrip/Style References (Maybe in Default.aspx or Master Page)


In above image, you will notice, link's href and script's src got changed even there is no any location on root. Let me clear it, this is called dynamic bundle in dynamic folder and we'll create it in Global.asax, look at the below image.

Adding Library References/Creating Bundle in Global.asax



Step 5: Testing again in Developer Tools

Now go ahead and run this in IE, when running in IE press F12 to open developer tools. In developer tools, click on ‘Network’ tab and then click on ‘Start capturing’ and then refresh the web page. You will notice following http requests, data sent, data received and taken time in ‘developer tools’.



Now, only 3 http requests made, and also data sent, data received and taken time all dramatically changed.

I hope you like it. Thanks.
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